Cannabis cultivation in Thailand has a long history, dating back to ancient times when it was used for medicinal and spiritual purposes. However, in the 1930s, the government criminalized cannabis use and cultivation under pressure from the international community, including the United States.
Recently, there has been a growing interest in legalizing cannabis for medical and research purposes in Thailand. In 2018, the country became the first in Southeast Asia to legalize medical cannabis. The law allows for the production, import, export, possession, and use of medical cannabis products by patients with a prescription from a licensed doctor.
Under the law, cannabis cultivation is allowed for medical and research purposes, but only by licensed producers and farmers who have received permission from the government. The government has also established regulations for the production and sale of medical cannabis products, which must be manufactured and distributed by licensed companies.
Despite the legal framework, the process of obtaining licenses for cannabis cultivation has been slow and bureaucratic, leading to concerns about the limited availability of medical cannabis products and high prices for patients. Additionally, there is still a stigma around cannabis use in Thailand, and some people are opposed to the idea of legalizing it for any purpose.
Overall, while the legalization of medical cannabis in Thailand is a positive step, the country is still in the early stages of developing its cannabis industry. It remains to be seen how successful the industry will be and whether it will be able to address the needs of patients while also promoting sustainable cultivation practices and protecting the environment.